They divide two major countries but, their beauty and majesty brings people to them from all across the world. This is the speciality of three separate waterfalls which together form the Niagara Falls. They stand between the borders of United States and Canada and make the southern end of the Niagara Gorge.
The three waterfalls of the Niagara Falls are named, the Horseshoe Falls which is on the Canadian side and is separated from the American part by the Goat Island and the American Falls and the smaller Bridal Veil falls both of which are on the American side. There is another small island called the Luna Island which separates the American Falls and the Bridal Veil falls. These three falls are located on the Niagara River and also empty the Lake Erie in to Lake Ontario. They stand out amongst all the natural waterfalls exiting on the earth because of their highest rate of water flow.
The water of the Niagara Falls is known to have a drop of 165 feet and amongst the three the Horseshoe Fall is famous for being the most powerful. On the American side the nearest city to the Niagara Falls is known to be Buffalo of New York and that on the Canadian side is Toronto. The main source of water for the Niagara Falls is known to be the Wisconsin Glaciers and also the Great Lakes. The striking part of the Niagara Falls is known to be its width which higher than 6 million cubic feet.
Apart from being beautiful, the Niagara Falls is also a great source of hydroelectric power. During the peak seasons it is estimated that the amount of water falling down exceeds more than 225,000 cubic feet per sec. Usually this is the time of spring or early summers. It is during this time that the high amount of water is used for hydroelectric production. The flow of the water of the Niagara Falls is also managed and as per this process during the night times the flow is made half. It gets further reduced during winters and this regulation of diversion and flow is done as per the Niagara Treaty of 1950 and is carried out by the International Niagara Board of Control.
The water flowing through the Niagara Falls appears bright blue or green because of the high amounts of dissolved salts and rock flour which is carried during the erosion process done by the Niagara River. There are facilities for ships to pass through the Niagara Falls with the help of the Welland Canal which is in turn connected to the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
Niagara Falls has often made headlines because of people who have jumped or made plunges from the top. Other adventures like wire walking or tight rope walking over the gorge has also happened in the location. Because of its wonder status, the Niagara Falls has also got picturized in cartoons, movies and documentaries.