Known to be the centre of fine arts, Paris, has a number of spectacular places to offer to the tourists visiting the city. However, the one place which has continued to be the focus of attraction, drawing people to France and thereafter to Paris, is the Louvre Museum. Recognised as the landmark of Paris, the Louvre Museum stands on the Right Bank of the river Seine. It is situated on an area of 60,600 sq metres and is known to be the largest and most visited museum throughout the world.
Original built in the 12th century under the reign of Prince Philip II, the Louvre Museum is known to have about 35,000 artefacts from the ancient times right up to the 21st century times. The first display of the items happened in the 16th century and showed the collections of King Francis I. Thereafter, over years the collections kept increasing with the donations of the kings and till the time of the French Revolution, the Louvre Museum became the royal collection which got opened for public. Currently the number of visitors visiting the Louvre Museum is estimated to be 8 million every year.
Amongst the famous artworks which are present in display in the Louvre Museum are the Venus of Milo, the Nike of Samothrake, Michelangelo’s Dying Slave, and the much famous Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci. The entire Louvre Museum is divided in to three big segments, namely Sully, Richelieu, and Denon. Being the oldest part of the Louvre Museum, the Sully part keeps the collection of French paintings and prints on its second floor while the first and ground floors are occupied by antiques from Egypt. In the Richelieu segment are the European paintings from the Middle Ages to the 19th century. The artists whose works are there are Reuben, Jan Vermeer, and so on. On the first floor of the wing are items like China, tapestries, clocks, and so on and also the apartment of Napolean III. Here too there are beautiful sculptures and antiques on the ground floor. In the last wing called Denon, there is the painting of Mona Lisa and some other masterpieces like Wedding Feast At Cana and so on. The ground floor of this wing boasts a collection of marble statues of Roman origin ranging from the Renaissance to Modern times.
In the entire structure of the Louvre Museum the one part which has been added comparatively recently is the Louvre Pyramid. It got added in 1989 and was the creation of I.M. Pei, a renowned architect from America. Made out of glass, this is currently the entrance to the museum and enables the sunlight to reach the ground floor too. Being modern in design, it was an addition received with criticism as the backdrop is fairly classical however, with time people have understood that this addition has given the Louvre Museum a central entrance which is spacious too.