While majority of the buildings worldwide, which get famous, are admired for their upright structure, the Leaning Tower of Pisa is famous for its tilting nature. The Leaning Tower of Pisa which is actually the bell tower of the cathedral complex named Campo dei Miracoli, is a huge tourist attractor to the Italian town of Pisa.
The creation time of the Leaning Tower of Pisa is known to have involved 199 years within which the designing credit has been associated with two prominent people of Italy namely Bonanno Pisano and Diotisalvi. The tip of the tower which is on the leaning side is at a height of 55.86 metres from the ground whereas the other side is 56.67 metres high. In the premises of Campo dei Miracoli, there are two other structures which complete the total area. These are the cathedral and burial ground which is known as Campo Santo whose earth is known to have been brought from the hill where Christ was crucified.
The reason behind the leaning structure of the Tower of Pisa is the softness of the ground on which it was founded. By the time the tower got completed the tilt had increased to a considerable amount which was stabilised to some extent in the 20th and 21st centuries. It was therefore that after the restoration work the tilt of the Leaning Tower of Pisa got changed from 5.5 degrees to 3.99 degrees. The total number of stories in the Leaning Tower of Pisa is known to be 8 where the ground floor has fifteen marble arches and all rest have 30 arches. However, the number of arches again comes down to 16 in the final story where the bells exist. Being white in colour and exhibiting some Roman styles of architecture, the Leaning Tower of Pisa appears extremely elegant in its exposed galleries.
In order to reach the top of the tower, there are 297 spiral stairs which need to be alighted. It is a result of the various efforts to prevent the leaning of the Tower of Pisa that the structure of the tower itself has acquired a curve. Over the years the other damages which have become visible on the tower involve those due to corrosion or blackening of the stone due to its exposure to wind and rain. During the various phases of restoration of the tower, there was a prohibition for the tourists to climb up the stairs. However, now the Leaning Tower of Pisa is open for the visitors to go up and enjoy the man made wonder.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa has specific times during which it is open for the entry of visitors visiting with an entry fee. There are also times for visiting the cathedral which conducts regular services and is yet another attraction of the premises.